# John Nash : A Mathematical Genius

John Nash Jr. was an** **American Mathematician who was born on June 13, 1928, in Bluefield, West Virginia, the U.S.

His father worked in Appalachian Electric Power Company as an electrical engineer and His mother was a schoolteacher.

He made contributions to partial differential equations, differential geometry game theory. He worked on those things which help in decision-making inside Collective behavior, Networks, Evolution and adaptation, Pattern formation, Systems theory, Nonlinear dynamics,

The game theory is found in everyday life.

John Nash’s theories are mainly used in economics. At Princeton University, he worked as a senior research mathematician. He was been awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1994. In 2015, he was also awarded Abel Prize for his amazing work on nonlinear partial differential equations. He is the only mathematician who was been rewarded with both the Abel Prize and the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences.

John Nash, During April and May of 1959, was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia. He started facing mild clinical depression, a lack of motivation for life, and auditory and perceptional disturbances. He was undergoing mental illness and to cure that he got admitted to the State Hospital at Trenton in New York.

On May 23, 2015, Nash and his wife Alicia died in a car accident in New Jersey Turnpike. The report says that neither of them was wearing their seatbelt at the time of the accident.

# John Nash Education

Attended kindergarten and public school when he was a child

Went to a local community college for his higher mathematical learning.

He attended Carnegie Mellon University after getting the George Westinghouse Scholarship to pursue Chemical Engineering.

By the age of 19, He has completed both B.S and Ms and Went to Princeton University.

He has even attended the following universities

- In, 1944–1945, He attended Bluefield College
- In 1945, He attended Bluefield High School
- From 1945- 1948, He attended the Carnegie Institute of Technology

# John Nash Books

Some of the famous Books and Research Papers of John Nash are:

- Open Problems in Mathematics
- The Sacramental Church: The Story of Anglo-Catholicism John Nash
- Christianity: the One, the Many: What Christianity Might Have Been and Could Still Become Volume 1
- The Design, Selection, and Implementation of Accounting Information Systems
- Cases in Corporate Financial Planning and Control John Nash
- Essays on Game Theory
- Accounting Information Systems
- Equilibrium Points in N-person Games
- The Bargaining Problem
- Non-cooperative Games
- Two-person Cooperative Games

# Contributions of John Nash in Mathematics

John Nash made ground-breaking contributions in mathematical areas as diverse as partial differential equations, topology & geometry. He has done immense contributions to game theory. A few of the theorems and the functions which are famous are:

- Nash equilibrium
- Nash functions
- Nash–Moser theorem
- Nash embedding theorem
- Hilbert’s nineteenth problem

During 1945 and 1996, John Nash published 23 scientific studies on various topics on Advance Game theory and Mathematics.

# Interesting facts about John Nash

Inspired by the life of John Nash, A English Movie Director Named Ron Howard Made a Movie in the year 2001, Named as Beautiful Minds.

In this movie, it shows, In 1956, Nash was in severe disappointment while he was trying to prove Hilbert’s nineteenth problem, a theorem linking elliptic partial differential equations.

In 1951, Nash was hired by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) as a C. L. E. Moore instructor in the mathematics faculty.

In a sting operation targeting homosexual men, Nash was arrested for indecent exposure.

Nash was an atheist yet he got married in Church.

Though he earned a tenured position at MIT, he used to reside in a house as a border.

After his death, *The New York Times* published an article about John Nash and his works.

# Awards and Rewards under the name of John Nash

Few of the Notable Honors by John

- Abel Prize
- Class of Fellows of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences
- Double Helix Medal
- INFORMS John von Neumann Theory Prize
- Leroy P Steele Prize
- Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences

# Other Mathematicians like John Nash

There are Several Mathematicians of the 19th Century and 20th Century who would be known forever in history like Shakuntala Devi, Srinivasa Ramanujan, David Hilbert.

# FAQ About Nash

How did John and Alicia Nash die?

John Nash and his wife, died in a car accident, while they were returning from the award function, where John was awarded Abel Prize.

Did John and Alicia Nash die on the same day?

Yes, Unfortunately, both John and Her wife died on the Same Day i.e on May 23, 2015.

Did John Nash does work for the government?

**Nash** was an expert in noncooperative game theory. He worked for the National Security Agency of the US **government**. He used to crack the code and used to develop codes that can’t be decoded.

Did John Nash solve the Riemann hypothesis?

In 1959, **John **proclaimed he had the proof for the Riemann Hypothesis, So, he assembled hundreds of mathematicians at the University of Columbia to demonstrate his proof to these mathematicians.

For More Details about this American Mathematician, Visit the official Princeton University Website.